Intertheory Relations in the Social Sciences: Criminology as a Physics of the Social?
Where should we position Criminology within the social sciences? Is it merely a ‘rendez-vous’ discipline, dependent for its insights and status upon more venerable foundational disciplines like economics or sociology? In this paper I argue for a more radical stance, one which situates it at the methodological core of such disciplines. I offer three arguments in support of this stance. First, criminology’s decisive role in shaping the emergence of social science. Second, the foundational insights it offers into the problem of social order – arguably the central challenge for social science. Third, the striking way that many explanations of contemporary social order appear to supervene upon criminological concepts and ideas. I conclude by suggesting that the function of criminology as a social science may be akin to what Comte and Quetelet once called a ‘social physics’.
Aas, K. & Bosworth, M. 2013 The Borders of Punishment, Oxford University Press
Agamben, G. 2006 State of Exception, Chicago, Chicago University Press
Akers, R. 1992 â€˜Linking Sociology and Its Specialties: The Case of Criminologyâ€™ Social Forces, 71, 1, pp. 1-16
Alverez, A., and Bachman, R. 2008 Violence: The enduring problem. Los Angeles: Sage.
Arena, R. 2008 'On the relation between economics and sociology: Marshall and Schumpeter, in Shionoya, Y & Nishizawa, T (eds) Marshall and Schumpeter on Evolution, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar pp.65-92
Barak, G. 2003. Violence and Nonviolence: Pathways to Understanding. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Barbalet, J. 1998 Emotion, Social Theory and Social Structure, Cambridge University Press
Battersby, P. 2014 The Unlawful Society: Global Crime and Security in a Complex World, Palgrave McMillan
Beck, U. 1992 Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity, London: Sage
Beirne, P. 1987 â€˜Adolphe Quetelet and the Origins of Positivist Criminologyâ€™, American Journal of Sociology 92, 5 pp 1140-1169
Birks, J.B. (ed) 1962 Rutherford at Manchester, London: Heywood
Bogard, W. (1996) The Simulation of Surveillance: Hypercontrol in Telematic Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brown, M. 2009 The Culture of Punishment, New York, NYU Press
Bunge, M. 1985, Treatise on Basic Philosophy, Vol 7. Springer
Buzan, Barry, Ole W Bar, and Jaap de Wilde. Security: A New Framework for Analysis. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1998.
Carnap, Rudolf. 1928/1967. The Logical Structure of the World and Pseudoproblems in Philosophy. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
Cartwright, N.1999, The Dappled World: A Study of the Boundaries of Science, Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press
Cohen, L. & Felson, M. 1979 â€œSocial Change and Crime Trends: A Routine Activity Approachâ€, American Sociological Review, 44, 508-608
Comte, A. 2010 The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte Vol I trans Martineau, H. New York, Cosimo
Cornish, D. B., & Clark, R. V. (Eds.). (1986). The reasoning criminal: Rational choice perspectives on offending. New York, NY: Springer.
Deleuze G. 1992 â€œPostscript on the Societies of Controlâ€, October 59, 3-7
Downes, D. 1988 â€˜The Sociology of Crime and Social Control in Britain 1960-87â€™, in P.Rock (ed) A History of British Criminology, Oxford OUP
Draper, H. 1977 Karl Marxâ€™s Theory of Revolution (Vol I), New York Monthly Review Press
DuprÃ© J., 1993, The Disorder of Things. Metaphysical Foundations of the Disunity of Science, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Elias, Norbert (1978) What is Sociology? London: Hutchinson.
Feyerabend 1962 â€œExplanation, Reduction and Empiricismâ€, in H. Feigl and G. Maxwell (ed.), Scientific Explanation, Space, and Time, (Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Volume III), Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis Press, pp. 28â€“97.
Ellis, D.P. 1971 â€˜The Hobbesian Problem of Order: A Critical Appraisal of the Normative Solutionâ€™, American Sociological Review, 36, 4, pp. 692-703
Elster, J. 2007 Explaining Social Behaviour, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Ericson, R. & Haggerty K. 1997 Policing the Risk Society, Oxford Clarendon
Faure, Christine, Jacques Guilhaumou, Jacques Vallier, and FranÃ§oise Weil. 2007 . Manuscrits de SieyÃ¨s, 1773_1799, Volumes I and II. Paris: Champion
Foucault, M 1975 Discipline and Punish: the Birth of the Prison, New York: Random House
Giddens, A. 1984, The Constitution of Society: Outline of the Theory of Structuration, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Goffman, E. 1967 â€˜The Nature of Deference and Demeanorâ€™, in: Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-Face Behaviour, Doubleday, Garden City, New York, pp47-95.
-1983 â€˜The Interaction Order, American Sociological Review , 48, 1, 1-17
Goldman, L. 1983 The Origins of British â€˜Social Scienceâ€™: Political Economy, Natural Science and Statistics, 1830â€“1835, The Historical Journal, 26, 03, pp 587-616
Hallsworth, S and Lea, J. 2011 â€˜Reconstructing Leviathan: Emerging contours of the security Stateâ€™ Theoretical Criminology, 15, 2, p. 141-157
Hechter, M. & Horne, C. 2003 Theories of Social Order: A Reader, Stanford University Press
Hempel, Carl. 1966. Philosophy of Natural Science. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Hester, S. & Eglin P. 2017 A Sociology of Crime (2nd Edition), London: Routledge
Hochschild, A. R. 1979. "Emotion Work, Feeling Rules and Social Structure." American Journal of Sociology, 85:551-575.
Iadicolaâ€¦2009 The centrality of empire in the study of state crime and violence in Chambliss et al State Crime in the Global Age.
Kahneman, D. & Tversky, A 2000 Choices, Values, and Frames, Cambridge University Press
Katz, J. 1988 The Seductions of Crime: Moral and Sensual Attractions in Doing Evil. New York: Basic Books
- 2001 How Emotions Work, University of Chicago Press
Knapp, Peter, One World â€“ Many Worlds: Contemporary Sociological Theory, New York, Harper-Collins, 1994.
Kim, J. 1993. Supervenience and Mind: Selected Philosophical Essays, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kolmogorov, Andrey 1963 "On Tables of Random Numbers". SankhyL Ser. A. 25: 369â€“375.
Kuhn, T. 1962 The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Chicago: University of Chicago Press
- 1983, â€œCommensurability, Comparability, Communicabilityâ€, PSA 198: Proceed-ings of the 1982 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, ed-ited by P. Asquith. and T. Nickles, East Lansing MI: Philosophy of Science As-sociation: 669â€“8.
Lane, D. 2006 â€œHierarchy, complexity, societyâ€ in Hierarchy in Natural and Social Sciences Pumain, D. (ed), Springer
Lewis, D.K. 1986 The Plurality of Worlds. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Lindegaard, M. R., Bernasco, W., Jacques, S., & Zenebergen, B. 2014. â€˜Posterior gains and immediate pains: Offender emotions before, during and after robberiesâ€™. In J.-L. Van Gelder, H. Elffers, D. Reynald, & D. Nagin (Eds.), Affect and cognition in criminal decision-making (pp. 58â€“76). London, England: Routledge.
Lyon, D. (ed.) 2006 Theorizing Surveillance: The Panopticon and Beyond. Cullompton, UK: Willan
Marshall, G., 1998, 'Social order' in A Dictionary of Sociology, available at http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O88-socialorder.html, accessed 29 April 2013.
Marx, G.T. 2016 Windows into the Soul: Surveillance and Society in an Age of High Tech-nology, University of Chicago Press
Marx, K. and Engels, F. (1888) Manifesto of the Communist Party
McGuire, M. 1999 On a General Theory of Pattern, Kings College London, uk.bl.ethos.327551
- 2008 Hypercrime: The New Geometry of Harm, London: Routledge
Mythen, G. (2014) Understanding the Risk Society: Crime, Security and Justice, London: Palgrave Macmillan
Nagel T. 1961 Structure of Science
Nietzsche, F. 1886 Beyond Good and Evil
Oppenheim, Paul and Hilary Putnam. 1958. â€œUnity of Science as a Working Hypothesis.â€ Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 2, 3-36.
Parsons T. & Smelser, N. 1956 Economy and Society: A Study in the Integration of Eco-nomic and Social Theory, London: Routledge
Phillipson, N. 2010 Adam Smith: An Enlightened Life, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Porter, T. 1985 â€œThe Mathematics of Society: Variation and Error in Quetelet's Statisticsâ€, British Journal for the History of Science, 18, 1, pp. 51-69
Prigogine, I. 1989 Order out of Chaos, Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group
Quetelet, A, 2013 A Treatise on Man and the Development of His Faculties, trans Knox, R. Cambridge University Press
Riedel, M., and Welsh, W. 2008. Criminal violence: Patterns, causes, and prevention. 2d ed. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.
Resnik, M. 2000 Mathematics as a Science of Patterns, Oxford: OUP
Rivadulla, A. 2004 The Newtonian Limit Of Relativity Theory And The Rationality Of Theory Change, Synthese 141: 417-429
Ross, D. 1992 The Origins of American Social Science, Cambridge University Press
Sanghera, P. 2011 Quantum Physics for Scientists and Technologists: Fundamental Principles, John Wiley
Scheff, T.J. and S. Retzinger 1991 Emotions and Violence. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books
Schuilenberg, M. 2015 The Securitisation of Society, NYU Press
Sellin, T. & Wolfgang, M. 1964 The Measurement Of Delinquency, New York: Wiley
Small, A. 1895 â€˜The Relation of Sociology to Economicsâ€™ Journal of Political Economy , Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 169-184 Article Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1831211
Staples, W. 2013 Everyday Surveillance: Vigilance and Visibility in Postmodern Life, Rowman and Littlefield
Strawson, P. 2002 Bounds of Sense, London: Routledge
Walters, G. 2015 â€˜The Decision to Commit Crime: Rational or Irrational?â€™ Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law & Society, 16, 3, 1-18
Westmareland, N. 2015 'Violence Against Women - Criminological Perspectives on Men's Violences, Routledge
Wintrobe, R. 2000 The Political Economy of Dictatorship, Cambridge University Press,
Copyright (c) 2019 Michael McGuire
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.